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Scientific Paper

New methods allowing the detection of protein aggregates: a case study on trastuzumab

Reference Type:Journal Article
Author:Demeule, Barthelemy;Palais, Caroline;Machaidze, Gia;Gurny, Robert;Arvinte, Tudor
Title:New methods allowing the detection of protein aggregates: a case study on trastuzumab
Secondary Title:mAbs
Periodical Title:mAbs
Number:Copyright (C) 2012 U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Aggregation compromises the safety and efficacy of therapeutic proteins. According to the manufacturer, the therapeutic immunoglobulin trastuzumab (Herceptin) should be diluted in 0.9% sodium chloride before administration. Dilution in 5% dextrose solutions is prohibited. The reason for the interdiction is not mentioned in the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) documentation, but the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) Summary of Product Characteristics states that dilution of trastuzumab in dextrose solutions results in protein aggregation. In this paper, asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (FFF), fluorescence spectroscopy, fluorescence microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) have been used to characterize trastuzumab samples diluted in 0.9% sodium chloride, a stable infusion solution, as well as in 5% dextrose (a solution prone to aggregation). When trastuzumab samples were injected in the FFF channel using a standard separation method, no difference could be seen between trastuzumab diluted in sodium chloride and trastuzumab diluted in dextrose. However, during FFF measurements made with appropriate protocols, aggregates were detected in 5% dextrose. The parameters enabling the detection of reversible trastuzumab aggregates are described. Aggregates could also be documented by fluorescence microscopy and TEM. Fluorescence spectroscopy data were indicative of conformational changes consistent with increased aggregation and adsorption to surfaces. The analytical methods presented in this study were able to detect and characterize trastuzumab aggregates.[on SciFinder (R)]