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Scientific Paper

Quantitation of aggregate levels in a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody formulation by size-exclusion chromatography, asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation, and sedimentation velocity

Reference Type:Journal Article
Author:Gabrielson, John P.;Brader, Mark L.;Pekar, Allen H.;Mathis, Kathrin B.;Winter, Gerhard;Carpenter, John F.;Randolph, Theodore W.
Author Addresses:Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309Biopharmaceutical Research and Development, Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285Department of Pharmacy, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, 81377 Munich, GermanyDepartment of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262
Title:Quantitation of aggregate levels in a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody formulation by size-exclusion chromatography, asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation, and sedimentation velocity
Secondary Title:JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES
Periodical Title:JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES
Pages:268-279
Volume:96
Number:2
Keywords:analytical ultra-centrifugation,stability,protein aggregation,physical stability,physical characterization,liquid chromatography,formulation
Year:2007
Publishing Date: 01.11.2006
ISBN:1520-6017
Related URLs:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jps.20760

Size-exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography (SE-HPLC, SEC) is the long-standing biopharmaceutical industry standard for quantitation of soluble protein aggregates. Recently, sedimentation velocity analytical ultracentrifugation (SV-AUC) has emerged as a possible orthogonal technique to SEC for soluble aggregate quantitation. Moreover, asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation (AF4) has shown early promise in quantifying protein aggregates, both soluble and insoluble. We report soluble aggreg ate quantities measured by SEC, AF4, and SV-AUC analyzed by SEDFIT/c(s) for acid stressed and unstressed samples of a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody. In equivalent antibody samples, SV-AUC, and AF4 detect markedly higher total aggregate levels than SEC. Furthermore, SEC fails to detect higher molecular weight soluble aggregates apparent in SV-AUC and AF4 analyses. Pooled fractions containing soluble dimeric aggregates were purified and re-analyzed by both SV-AUC and SEC. Reinjection of purified dimer onto the SEC column induces formation of detectable quantities of monomer and trimer. All sample types show statistically significant (p-values <0.01) antibody losses through the SEC column. This incomplete mass recovery from SEC indicates probable antibody physical adsorption to gel filtration media. Analysis of the sedimentation behavior of high molecular weight components suggests increased molecular asphericity with increasing molecular weight. We present an aggregation model based on nearly linear end-to-end assembly of monomeric subunits which is shown to be consistent with SV-AUC, SEC, AF4, and dynamic light scattering (DLS) results. ©2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci 96:268–279, 2007

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